Child Support in Thailand

Child Support in Thailand. In Thailand, both biological parents are legally obligated to financially support their children until they reach the age of 20. This applies whether the parents are married, divorced, or separated. Let’s delve into how child support is determined and enforced in Thailand.

Reaching an Agreement

The ideal scenario involves parents reaching a written agreement on child support. This agreement should outline the amount of support, payment method, and duration. This can be done without going to court, promoting a more amicable resolution.

Court-Ordered Support

If an agreement can’t be reached, the court will step in. The court considers two main factors when determining child support:

  • The child’s needs: This includes expenses for food, shelter, clothing, education, healthcare, and extracurricular activities.
  • The financial ability of the parents: The court will assess each parent’s income and expenses to determine a fair contribution.

There’s no fixed formula for child support amounts. The court considers each case’s unique circumstances.

Special Considerations

  • Children born out of wedlock: The biological father isn’t legally obligated to pay support unless he acknowledges paternity through legitimization in court.
  • Joint custody: In some cases, the court may order one parent to pay support to the other, even with joint custody, depending on the financial disparity between the parents.
  • Support beyond 20: While legal obligation ends at 20, parents can agree to continue support for higher education or other needs.


If a parent fails to comply with a court order, the custodial parent can take legal action to enforce it. This may involve wage garnishments, asset seizure, or even imprisonment.

Seeking Legal Help

Child support issues can be complex. Consulting a lawyer experienced in Thai family law is recommended, especially in situations involving disagreements, out-of-wedlock children, or significant assets. They can guide you through the legal process and ensure your child’s needs are met.

Remember: This article provides a general overview. Specific situations may require further legal guidance.

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